T H E   H I S T O R Y    O F   K R E S Y
Osady - Military Settlements 1921-1940​​​

Translation from the book  
Z Kresów Wschodnich R.P. Wspomnienia z Osad Wojskowych 1921-1940 
(From: The Eastern Borderlands of Poland, Memories of Military Settlements 1921-1940)
Pub: Ognisko Rodzin Osadników Kresowych (OROK)

         (Association of the Families of the Borderland Settlers) 
London, UK. 1992 and 1998
ISBN 1 872286 33 X 

Province (Województwo) WOŁYŃ


Municipality (Gmina) Skobełka
District (Powiat) Horochów

My father Cavalry Sergeant Jan Pawlik born on 5th June 1896, married Helena Kotelon born on 16th August 1904. Four of us were born on the settlement: firstly I- 10th April 1923, Stefania - 16th August 1924, Edward - 16th December 1925 and Helena - 27th May 1927.

The settlers from the Teklówka settlement and from the Bożów settlement (next to the village of Bożów), kept together. We would travel to church in Horochów, 5-6 km. The settlers built a school just before the war, prior to that one attended school in a private house.

The settlers had their own orchestra. It played at dances, fetes, harvest festivals and, of course, at parades on national holidays in Horochów.

The size of families ranged between one and five children: four on average. The lower secondary school was in Horochów and that is where a few children went. Some also went to Łuck and Białystok. The following organisations operated in the Teklówka settlement: “Krakus” [Ed.note:An organisation with military characteristics offering biannual training by military instructors], “Strzelec” [Ed. note: Rifle Association], “Sokół” [Ed. note:organisation for physical education and sport] and the Village Housewives’ Association.

The settlers in the Teklówka settlement: Jan Pawlik, Pruchniak, Stanisław Leja, Franczyk, Kazimierz Niepsuj, Prokop, Piotr Laskowski, Szymański (civil servant), Majka, Antoni Kurucz, Piurecki, Czesław Szott (Wójt )[Ed. note: Elected administrator of a group of villages or settlements], Koczowski, Molek, and Pinecki.

The settlers in Bożów: Władysław Tabor, Antoni Łojas, Andrzej Padół, Franciszek Palider, Tomasz Sapeta, Stachurski, Jan Sikoń , Subczak, Plewniak, Długoborski, Bielski, Franek Łukaszczyk, Jan Palider, Florczak, and Szram.

Mum is with us, three of us live in Great Britain, sister Stefania in Spain.


Dancers following a performance on a national feast day; standing at the back: Jan Łukaszczyk, Mietek Piórecki, and Gienek Szott; middle row: Stefa Pawlik, Danka Laskowska, Stasia Majka, and Władka Bielska; sitting: Genia Padof and Zosia Bielska (Teklówka Settlement, 1934)


Fourth form of the comprehensive school in the settlement ( Teklówka Settlement 1933-34 school year)

A group of “actors” after the play put on by the comprehensive school (Teklówka Settlement, 1935)

The Village Housewives’ Association — Cookery course (Teklówka Settlement, 1936)

Czesław Szott from the Teklówka Settlement — “Wójt” elected administrator of the Municipality of Skobełka, leading recruits to the medical committee. At the front is the settlers’ orchestra, which always accompanied dances, fetes, harvest festivals, parades and national feast day celebrations.

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