From Stalin’s Ethnic Cleansing
S T A L I N ' S E T H N I C C L E A N S I N G
STALIN’S ETHNIC CLEANSING in Eastern Poland
Tales of the Deported 1940-1946
ISBN 1 872286 88 7
Stalin’s Ethnic Cleansing is an anthology of the experiences of Polish citizens from Poland’s Eastern Borderlands, Kresy, who were known as ‘osadnicy’. They lived on ‘osady’ (settlements), plots of land which had been awarded to the demobilised Polish military officials and their families as a reward for their services during the 1918-1920 war. Following the Soviet Union’s invasion of Poland on 17 September 1939 they were crammed into goods wagons and deported as disposable labour into the depths of the USSR by Stalin’s NKWD (KGB).
There were four such deportations:
9-10 February 1940;
12-13 April 1940;
8-29 June 1940;
13-22 June 1941.
Some testimonies come also from those driven into exile after 1941 right up until 1948.
The breadth and depth of the testimonies range from descriptions of life in pre-war Kresy, the varied inter-ethnic relations before and during the war, to the deportations themselves, the journey to the camps and kolkhozes and the struggle to survive in the Soviet Union, the subsequent “amnesty” granted by Stalin following Germany’s invasion of the Soviet Union freeing the Poles from their camps and kolkhozes, and their subsequent journeys to freedom.
Not all the Poles from this region were deported and some testimonies describe the lives of those who stayed behind.
The book first appeared in Polish in 1996 under the title “Z KRESÓW WSCHODNICH R.P. NA WYGNANIE”, published by the Ognisko Rodzin Osadników Kresowych (Association of the Families of the Borderland Settlers).
We would like to thank Pan Ryszard Grzybowski, former Chairman of OROK, for giving us permission to use this amazing material for our website.
This book, translated into English by Eric Whittle and Bronia Kacperek, provides witness to the suffering and courage of the Poles from the Kresy, as well as to the history of Soviet aggression and Stalin’s contempt for suffering humanity. The following are some of the individual testimonies from the book.
(Click links on left. Transcriptions of the remaining recollections are in progress and being uploaded when available)
|001||"On the Death of a General"||Feliks Konarski||Poem||In commemoration of General Anders’ legacy.|
|002||From the editorial committee||The Editors explain why the book was published.|
|003||Foreword to the English edition||Eric Whittle||The translator explains his approach to the task. |
|004||Foreword||Fr. Zdzisław Peszkowski||A foreword written in Jasna Góra during a Borderlanders pilgrimage in 1996.|
|005||Fortunes of the military settlers during 1939-1945||Janina Stobniak-Smogorzewska||The historian provides an overview of events in Kresy and beyond following the outbreak of war.|
|010||Klucz||Nowogródek||Wanda Wysocka |
|011||Lachów ||Wołyń||Julia Prochorowicz |
|012||Lewszowo||Białystok||Józefa Jędrzejczyk |
|013 ||Puzieniewicze||Nowogródek||Pelagia Stańczak-Czarnecka|
|014||Radziwiłłów||Wołyń||Janina Chojnacka |
|027|| Bortnica||Wołyń||Izabela Mączko ||Czerkawska |
|044||Karczowka||Wołyń||Józef Pajdowski |
|054||Listopadówka||Wołyń||Aleksander Ptak |
|055||Maczkowce||Wołyń||Zofia Repa||Stepek |
|060||Ostrowska near Beresteczko and Pleszów||Wołyń||Maria Cymborska||Tais|
|063||Piłsudczyzna||Wołyń||Wanda Bitner ||Krzysztofiak|
|074||Rejtanów||Wołyń||Dorota Jasińska||Jarosz |
|080||Rokitna||Wołyń||Maria Poźniak||Turzyńska |
|096||Wąsowicze||Wołyń||Regina Krozowska||Gawronska |
|097||Witosowo||Wołyń||Zofia Waleria Rydz|
|100||Wola Wilsona||Wołyń||Każimierz Bełda|
|104||Karłowicze||Polesie||Maria Juralewicz||Sztela |
|108||Terebieżów||Polesie||Halina Powroźnik ||Wadlewska |
|112||Wysokie||Polesie||Marian Marzojty (Morzajew)|
|123|| Łohwinowicze||Nowogródek||B.M.Trybuchowski |
|134||Jatwiesk||Białystok||Sabina Sienko||Salamonczyk |
|137||Rogoźnica Mała||Białystok||Stanisława Simpson||Krajewska |
|145||”They Trudged”||Feliks Konarski||Poem||The tribulations of men seeking to enlist|
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Kresy Family group