Translation from the book
Z Kresów Wschodnich R.P. Wspomnienia z Osad Wojskowych 1921-1940
(From: The Eastern Borderlands of Poland, Memories of Military Settlements 1921-1940)
Pub: Ognisko Rodzin Osadników Kresowych (OROK)
(Association of the Families of the Borderland Settlers)
London, UK. 1992 and 1998 (out of print)
ISBN 1 872286 33 X
Province (Województwo) WOŁYŃ
Municipality (Gmina) Buhryń
District (Powiat) Równe
Our settlement was called Ułanowice. It was wedged between villages; in the south-west was Pruski Buhryń, in the north-east Tomachow, in north-west Illin.
The nearest town was Hoszcza, where the KOP Battalion [Translator’s note: Border Guards Corps] was stationed. Most of the settlers had served with the 9th Regiment of Małopolski Lancers (Uhlani), and a few infantrymen. There were 28 plots on the settlement but not everyone farmed their plot. Three plots were farmed by lease-holders. There was a school in the settlement for 1st to the 4th-grade primary. For 5th to 7th-grade, students attended school in Buhryń.
We had a dairy, a cooperative and a community centre. The Lancers were members of the "Krakus" union, the infantrymen belonged to the Reservists’ Union. In 1937, a section of "Young Rifleman" (Strzelczyk) was formed and in 1938 a squad: I was the squad Leader. The list of names of settlers are as follows although unfortunately I cannot remember all the Christian names. Michał Czerwiński (died in Blackburn), Wawrzyniec Brela, Bednarski (fate unknown), Michał Szklarski (died in Ziemie Odzyskane) [Ed. note: Regained territories in what is now western Poland], Gronowski (lived all the time in Warszawa), Wicenty Marek (fate unknown), Andrzej Kozłowski (last news from the Near East), Piotr Borowiec (fate unknown), W. Tabor (last news from USA), Franciszek Janicki (died in Ziemie Odzyskane), Janiszewski (fate unknown), Michał Gaik (died in 1938), Czesław Kawski (died in London), Piotr Dela (died in Ziemie Odzyskane), Roczniak (died in Africa), Czesław Beciuk and Włodzimierz Beciuk (fates unknown), Józef Bartoszek (died in Leeds), Andrzej Marek (died in Ziemie Odzyskane), Sokołowski (died in 1937), Adam Szałka (fell in the Battle of Lenino), [Ed. note: In 1943, first major engagement with the Germans by the 1st Tadeusz Kościuszko Infantry Division under Soviet command in which it suffered 25% casualties], Michał Bławat (last news from London), P. Pająk - School Principal (fate unknown), A. Czerwiński - leaseholder (fate unknown), Sitnik - leaseholder (fate unknown), Dolczak (fate unknown), E. Łęgorz (died in a border incident in1938), Rozporski (fate unknown).
This is all that I can provide at this moment in time. Maybe someone else from our settlement can add more because, as far as the children of the settlers are concerned, to my knowledge apart from myself there is no-one else in Great Britain from the older age group.
Copyright© Kresy Family